A facial fracture is a broken bone in the face. The face has a complex bone structure. The facial skeleton consists of the frontal bone forehead , zygomas cheekbones , orbital bones eye sockets , nasal bones, maxillary bones upper jaw and mandible lower jaw. There are many other bones that are found deeper within the facial structure.
Facial Fracture Management Handbook - LeFort Fractures | Iowa Head and Neck Protocols
The bones of the skull and face collectively make up the most complex area of skeletal real estate in the body. Analysis of the fractured face requires a knowledge of not only normal anatomy, but also of common fracture patterns in the face. Although they represent serious injuries, the workup and treatment of facial fractures is often properly delayed until more pressing problems have been addressed, such as the establishment of an adequate airway, hemodynamic stabilization, and the evaluation and treatment of other more serious injuries of the head, chest and skeleton. Once these problems have been managed, it is time to work up facial fractures. At our institution, high resolution CT is currently the imaging procedure of choice for most facial fractures.
Facial fractures are fractures broken bones of the face and mouth. They commonly include fractures of the nose nasal , cheekbones zygoma , surrounds to the eyes orbit and upper maxilla and lower mandible jaws. If you have a facial fracture, the oral and maxillofacial team will usually want to check that you don't have other fractures of or injuries to the head or neck and if you have been knocked unconscious.
Facial fractures are the major type of maxillofacial trauma. They also result in airway compromise, vision loss and hemorrhage, which can be life-threatening. The causes of facial fractures vary, with the most common being motor vehicle accidents, sport related injuries, assaults and gunshots. Following high velocity trauma, most patients have other major injuries besides facial fractures; there is a 20 percent incidence of life-threatening injuries associated with facial fractures.